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Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) is infamous for tomato-infecting viruses and causes a huge loss of the yield irrespective of the planting time. So, in order to find out the effect of different planting time on TYLCV disease of tomato and its impact on yield. A study was carried out at the Department of Plant Pathology, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University (SAU), Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh during the period of October 2016 to May 2017. Two popular BARI released variety namely BARI Tomato-14...
Topics: TYLCV, tomato, disease incidence, severity, planting time, yield.
Cluster Front Line demonstrations (CFLDs) is a unique approach to provide an direct interface between researcher and farmers as the scientists are directly involved in planning, execution and monitoring of the demonstrations. The present study was conducted to assess the impact of cluster frontline demonstrations of chickpea crop in the Mehsana district of Gujarat state. Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is a highly nutritious grain legume crop and is widely appreciated as health food as well as...
Topics: Chickpea, Economics, GJG-3, Yield, technology gap, extension gap, technology index, CFLDs.
An experiment was carried out in bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.var.grossum sendt.) to study the influence of fertigation levels and different spacings on yield and yield attributes under polyhouse condition.The perusal of the data revealed that widely spaced (45 cm x 60 cm) plants produced the highest number of fruits plant-1 (13.75), fruit girth (25.23 cm) and fruit yield plant-1 (1.53 kg) while fruit yield m-2 (8.92 kg) was the highest for closely spaced (45 cm x 30 cm) plants. Yield and...
Topics: bellpepper, fertigation, spacing, foliar nutrition, yield and yield attributes.
The concern over exposure to drinking water contaminants and the resultant adverse effects on human health has prompted several studies evaluating the quality of drinking water sources at Olusegun Agagu University of Science and Technology (OAUSTECH). Six (6) Borehole water samples were collected from three (3) functional boreholes in OAUSTECH. Two water samples from each borehole were collected using standard techniques. The physicochemical parameters analyzed include, odor, color, taste,...
Topics: Boreholes, Bacteriological analysis, physicochemical analysis, potable water
Non-caloric or non-nutritive artificial sweeteners are chemically synthesized or extracted from natural sources to replace regular sugar. The main reasons behind using artificial sweeteners are weight loss, blood sugar control for diabetic people, and dental caries prevention. Although many studies support the use of sweeteners and artificially sweetened products, others focus on the long-term negative consequences of their usage. A survey was conducted to explore the effect and prevalence of...
Topics: Lebanon, sweetener, effect, artificial, population, dietitians
This study aims to quantify the revenue and analyze the value-added seaweed crackers product of SMEs A and SMEs B in Bantaeng District by using the income formula and the value-added revenue method. The results shows that SMEs A gains higher revenues amounted IDR 1.618.862 than SMEs B, which get the most revenue IDR. 885.250. It is influenced by the type of product, activities production, capital, and marketing. Meanwhile, the ratio of the value-added of SMEs A was also higher by 91.30%, with a...
Topics: products, seaweed, value-added, SMEs, production.
This study determined the effects of climate change adaptation strategies on technical efficiency of poultry production in Benue State, Nigeria. The population of the study consist of all poultry farmers in Benue State. A sample size of 198 was selected using multistage sampling technique. Data for the study were collected from primary source using a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequencies distribution, percentages and mean as well as...
Topics: Climate change, Adaptation strategies, Technical efficiency and Poultry production
Kappaphycus alvarezii is one of the natural resources containing high carbohydrate, and it has potential as an alternative raw material for sugar industry. This study aims to analyze the optimum conditions of the fungi Trichoderma harzianum in degradating polysaccharides from K. alvarezii into sugar. The seaweed was collected in Takalar Sea, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. The fungi was previously activated at 30°C for three days in 2% of seaweed substrate. The efficiency of the T. harzianum in...
Topics: seaweed, K. alvarezii, biosugar, T. harzianum, hydrolysis.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jul 10, 2020
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Hydroponics is the modern solution for modern problems. Due to extensive traditional agriculture and various man made activities like deforestation. Fertile and arable land is decreasing day by day. While transporting the food we eat, so much of fossil fuels goes into transportation. The volume of water which is used in conventional farming is shocking. For the irrigation in these conventional farming, large volume of water is needed and water is one of the most crucial resource to be saved....
Topics: Advantages, Drip system, DWC (Deep Water Culture), Ebb and Flow System, Grow Tray, History,...
This research was conducted in the seaweed industries in South Sulawesi, especially in the Makassar industrial area (KIMA). The purpose of this study is to develop a strategy for developing seaweed commodity processing industries to increase added value. Analysis of the data used is using SWOT analysis. With SWOT analysis, it can produce several alternative strategies in making good decisions to be carried out. So that it can determine the development strategy of the seaweed industry. The...
Topics: Seaweed, Industrial Development Strategy, SWOT Analysis, IFAS-EFAS Matrix.
This study aims to assess seasonal and temporal changes in phytoplankton composition in Lake Ahémé. To achieve this, phytoplankton samples were collected in Lake Ahémé from September 2014 to September 2016. A total of 274 species were inventoried and the composition of algae includes Bacillariophyceae, Chlorophyceae, Cyanophyceae, Euglenophyceae, Conjugatophyceae, Trebouxiophyceae, Chrysophyceae, Dinophyceae, Xanthophyceae and Ulvophyceae. Bacillariophyceae were more abundant during the...
Topics: Dynamic, Heterogeneity, Phytoplankton, Pollution.
Reverse bud-grafting was used for dwarf production. Dwarf of rubber tree could be against wind damage. To investigate the effects of reverse bud-grafting on rubber trees, the elite planting material mini-seedling budding was used to observe the growth and nutrient uptake. The results showed that compared with conventional cis bud-grafting, at nursery stage, reverse bud-grafting had 16.37% more (p
Topics: Hevea brasiliensis, Mini-seedling budding, Reverse bud-grafting, Growth, Nutrient uptake
With the construction of a dam and its irrigation canals in the irrigation area of Nangakara River, in Pekat district of Dompu regency in West Nusa Tenggara Province (NTB), Indonesia, it was necessary to carry out an irrigation water management test farm, for use as a basis for making recommendations and as a demonstration area for the farmers. This study aimed to examine the effect of two different irrigation techniques, between sprinkler (LSI) and surface (CSI) irrigation, and two...
Topics: Hybrid maize, Bisi-2, C-7, sprinkler irrigation, fertilizer doses
Verjuice is an unfermented, acidic, and sour-tasting juice abundant in beneficial bioactive compounds obtained from the mechanical pressing of unripe grapes. The effect of prolonged traditional thermal processing (for 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 hours) on the physicochemical properties of ‘Tfayfiha’ verjuice was investigated. Polyphenol content and antioxidant capacity increased reaching their maximum (8348.6 mg/L) at 4 hours and (77.30%) at 3 hours respectively; indicating that the ideal...
Topics: verjuice, Lebanon, unripe, grapes, processing, time
Lake Léré is situated in the Mayo-Kebbi locality southwest of Chad, it is the site for RAMSAR since 2001 hosting manatee (Trichechus senegalensis). This lake has been under study with the aimed of determining the structure of zooplankton community from February 2016 to April 2017. For this study, three sampling stations were chosen and divided into 2 to 3 layers from water surface towards the bottom. A total of 49 zooplanktonic species were identifiedin LakeLéré. This was dominated by...
Topics: zooplankton, specific diversity, spatio-temporal distribution of Lac Léré, Chad.
The main goal of this current study is to determine the presence of brown planthopper (BPH)-resistance genes in some rice varieties to provide initial materials for the breeding program of BPH resistant rice varieties. According to the investigation, several molecular markers were used, such as RM1103, RM204, RM217, RM545, and RM401; and associated with BPH resistance genes Bph1, Bph3, bph4, Bph13, and Bph17. Our study was conducted in the laboratory of molecular genetics, the greenhouse, the...
Topics: Molecular markers, Brown planthopper (BPH), BPH resistance genes, BPH resistance varieties, rice...
The research was conducted to evaluate the choice of management practices for poultry wastes in Delta State. A multistage sampling procedure was used to obtain data from 133 respondents. A well structured questionnaire was used for the study. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, cost and return analysis and binary logit. Results showed that 70.9% were male with an average age of 44 years. About 73.0% were married with 99.0% acquiring formal education. The mean household size was 5...
Topics: choice, poultry, waste, management practices, farmers.
The current experiment was carried out in Maryout Research Station, Desert Research Center (DRC) to evaluate the effects of additives ginger powder or oil on, feed intake, digestibility, nitrogen and water utilization, ruminal and blood parameters of Barki sheep. Four Barki rams of each group with an average live weight (36.37±0.99 kg) were individually kept and fed in metabolic cages to determine nutrient digestibility and nutritive value of the experimental rations. Feed offered was...
Topics: Barki sheep, ginger powder, ginger oil, feed intake, digestibility, rumen liquor and blood...
Genetic polymorphism has important implications for the conservation and evolutionary studies among species as well as within genomes. Hence an enhanced understanding of intra-specific heterogeneity is anticipated which is and based on accurate database or unruffled by environmental conditions. In this context, molecular markers due to their simplicity and ubiquity have been used for genetic divergence studies of tetraploid potato. In the present study genetic diversity, marker attributes and...
Topics: DNA isolation, Genetic diversity, PCR, Potato, SSR
A literature search was performed via SCOPUS for publications between January 2000 and April 2020 that contained the keywords aquaponic and hydroponic. Sixty-one articles were identified that stated a comparison and a form of comparative statistical analysis was performed. These articles were identified via the principle author, year of publication, the system type tested (coupled or decoupled aquaponic; irrigated nutrient solution from a separated RAS), the number of treatments tested, the...
Topics: Aquaponic, Hydroponic, Aquaculture, RAS, Replication, Statistics, Experimental design.
Antibacterial activities of different fractions obtained from crude methanolic extracts of Allium sativum and Garcinia kola and their time kill assay were investigated individually and in combined form. Standard methods were used and test organisms include: Bacillus cereus, B. subtilis, B. anthracis, B. stearothermophilus, Clostridium sporogenes, Corynebacterium pyogens, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Micrococcus luteus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Psedomonas...
Topics: Antibacterial, Garcinia kola, Allium sativum, Methanolic extract, Time kill assay.
We compared the stability of the food colorants betanin and red-beet extract in pickled turnips over a 14-week period and under different storage conditions that varied in terms of light exposure and additive content. Our findings showed that when exposed to 6 hours of sunlight or fluorescent light, on a daily basis, betanin was highly more stable than red-beet extract even when red-beet extract was stored in complete darkness. We further investigated the effect of metals and oxidation on the...
Topics: Betanin, red-beet extract, colorant stability, EDTA, ascorbic acid, light stability, and pickled...
Low pasture quality and quantity adversely affect the performance of ruminants in the tropics. This necessitated the search for other feed resources that could augment the deficit, particularly, in the dry season. However, some of these feed resources contain phytochemicals which if not properly processed could be detrimental to ruminants. This study was carried out to determine the effects of processing on nutrients, phytochemicals and microbial characteristics of WAD sheep fed processed...
Topics: Detoxification, Gmelina arborea leaves, Phytochemicals, Streptococcus spp, Total bacteria count,...
This research was conducted to investigate the effect of drying methods on the drying properties on the quality of cocoa beans in Agricultural Engineering Department, Njala University, and Njala Campus, Sierra Leone. The pods were divided into 8 parts, 53 pods per sample and depodded. Four samples were washed and four unwashed from the 53 pods and fermented with box methods. Also, from these samples, four were solar dried and four sun dried. All samples were labelled with randomization, Samples...
Topics: Beans, cocoa, defects, quality, shelf-life.
In the quest of biomonitoring urban environmental health, the present study focuses on the assessment of tree foliage exposed to vehicular-pollution in Thane city, India. Tree species being continuously exposed to air pollution tends to absorb the pollutants by their foliage surface. Biochemical, morphological and anatomical changes in four selected tree species namely Alstonia scholaris, Cassia siamea, Ficus religiosa and Mangifera indica growing at Teen Haat Naka (polluted site) and Yeoor...
Topics: biomonitoring vehicular pollution, ecosystem, environmental health, tree foliage, urban.
The study was conducted in Nilgaon and Chamurakandi of Sylhet Sadar Upazila under Sylhet district during the 2018-2019 crop seasons. Three orange fleshed sweet potato varieties (BARI SP-04, BARI SP-11 andBARI SP-12)and a local genotype were used in this study. The ultimate purpose of the experiment was to investigate the yield potentiality, suitability and acceptability of those varieties and genotype. The experiment was performed using 10ft x 10ft plot size with 3 replicas following the RCB...
Topics: Orange fleshed sweet potato, Potentiality, Foliage coverage, Organoleptic assessment, Homestead...
This study examines the impact of climate variability on maize (Zea mays) production in Bui Division and adaptation mechanisms employed by maize famers. The guiding premise is that climate variability has created unusual environmental conditions, partly responsible for the drop in the yields of maize, in Bui, where famers adaptation options remain inefficient. A mixed approach was used in generating data from both primary and secondary sources. Questionnaires were administered to 180...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate Variability, Impact, Maize production
Concentration of heavy metals; Cd, Cr and Pb along with total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) in periwinkles (Tympanotonus fuscatus) from Calabar River in Nigeria was assessed to determine their suitability for human consumption. Water and periwinkle samples were collected from five stations and taken to the laboratory for analysis. Heavy metals were analysed using Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (GFAAS-AA240FS) after digestion with concentrated Nitric acid while GC–FID...
Topics: Calabar River, Concentration, Heavy metals, Periwinkles, Total petroleum hydrocarbon, Water.
The reuse of the treated waste water in all fields (agricultural, industrial, domestic) is an orientation asked by all intervening parties in the water sector in the purpose to protect the environment and combat the scarcity of water resources. This valorization cannot be done without making the appropriate treatment in order to respect the norms. In this work, we are developing a general method to conceptualize a treatment station equipped with biogas digester, UV reactor and Reverse Osmosis...
Topics: Wastewater valorization, Biogas digester, UV reactor, Reverse Osmosis
Studies on the accumulation of some heavy metals in African river prawn (Macro brachium Vollenhoven Ii), in Calabar River, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria, A total of 54 prawn samples, were collected during the study. The heavy metals in the samples were analyzed using atomic absorption spectrophotometer for cadmium, cobalt, chromium, copper, mercury, manganese, nickel and lead while total hydrocarbon (THC) was analysed using UV-spectrophotometer. The heavy metal concentrations in prawn...
Topics: Heavy metals, Prawn, Bioaccumulation, Pollution, Bioindicators.
Finger millet is a high nutritious cereal compared to maize, wheat, rice and sorghum and adaptable to different abiotic and biotic stresses. Understanding the molecular basis of unique traits of finger millets, is key in harnessing its potential as a nutritional security crop among other important aspects. In this study some accession from Africa and Asia were used to research the genetic diversity and population structure of finger millet using EST-SSR Markers. Twenty four accessions of finger...
Topics: Finger millet, EST-SSR markers, Diversity analysis, Population structure
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Soil is the main source of supplying essential nutrients for plant growth. In agricultural practice, when a particular nutrient or a group of nutrients are absent in the soil, it may affect the growth of the plant. Thus, most of the farmers practicing to apply chemical fertilizers to overcome the soil nutrient deficiency. Chemical fertilizers enhance the soil fertility on one hand whereas on the other hand it cause environmental pollution. Therefore alternative methods of soil nutrition...
Topics: Liquid fertilizer, Fermented crab waste, FT-IR, GC-MS, seed germination assay.
Urban sprawl on agricultural lands has become a global phenomenon plaguing all countries of the world, rich or poor and is mainly influenced by spatial growth of urban areas. Spatial growth in urban areas is an inevitable phenomenon hence the need to regulate it. The aim of this research was to establish the effects of urban sprawl and land use change in the area of Wote town in Makueni County, Kenya.Purposive sampling was used to subdivide the study area into two clusters (Kamunyolo and Unoa)....
Topics: Urban sprawl, Land use change, sustainable development
The culture of cashew (Anacardiumoccidentale L.) is the main source of income for populations in northern Côte d'Ivoire, with an estimated production of 725 000 tonnes in 2017, but the average yield remains low likely due to the lack of elite planting material and hence use of unselected plant material by mostfarmers. For mass propagation of such a material, in vitro methods are necessary. Unfortunately, it is difficult to obtain surviving explants from mature plants grown in the field,...
Topics: Anacardiumoccidentale, culture in vitro, rooting, shoot tip, basal explants.
Heavy metals are non-degradable pollutants and must be removed or reduced to acceptable limits before discharging into the environment to avoid threats to living organisms. This study was carried out to assess Manganese and Lead removal efficiency of the Spirogyra maxima isolated from ponds. The heavy metal removal capacity of the algal species was investigated for the period of 30 days at room temperature (28±20C) and regular light. The percentage Manganese removal on day 30 by Spirogyra...
Topics: Heavy metals, degradable, pollutants, phycoremediation, investigated, vectors, efficient
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
Jun 2, 2020
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The main thrust of this study was to determine the profile of Bilimbi Fruit (Averrhoabilimbi) Juice in terms of ingredients and costing, tools and equipment, procedure, shelf life, nutritive value, microbial analysis and sensory qualities and level of preferences in three different treatments in the aspect of color, flavor, aroma, and texture. The study utilized experimental design with the aid of a descriptive questionnaire that determined the sensory preferences of the respondents towards the...
Topics: Fruit juice, nutritious, food technology.
For a few years, the consumers’ concerns about environmental and health issues related to organic food products have risen; consequently, the demand for organically grown products has increased and hence the tendency of paying a surplus amount for those products. Keeping this point in view, a study was undertaken in 2020 to investigate the factors affecting consumers’ potential willingness to pay premium prices for organic food products in Nepal. The research applied different research...
Topics: Consumers’ willingness, Organic foods, Pearson’s chi-square test, Price premium
The bioremediation potential of ten different treatments formed from two organic sources of nutrients: coconut husk ash (CHA) and pineapple peel (PP) on 5kg of soil polluted with 400ml of crude oil were monitored for 84 days. The changes in the physicochemical properties of the soil were observed, the degradation process was monitored by; the measure of the total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) loss, the total bacterial and fungal counts, the crude oil utilizing bacterial and fungal counts. The...
Topics: bioremediation, crude oil utilizing bacteria, coconut husk ash, pineapple peel.
Environmental pollution comes from a variety of sources. With the advancement of human civilization and the development of technology and population growth, now the world is facing a problem called pollution in air and land, which threatens the lives of the world's inhabitants. One of the current crises is environmental pollution, which mostly is considered to be the result of the technology, industrial and agricultural development expansion. If there is no control over the Progressive and...
Topics: Pollution - Environment - Environmental Engineering - Pollution Reduction, Developing Countries
The paper reports the compatibility of Infective Juveniles (IJs) ofnew species of entomopathogenic nematode, Steinernema dharanaii (TFRIEPN-15) was evaluated against some new generation biopesticides (9 products comprising of 5 botanical pesticides, Neem Gold®, Neem oil®, Agropest Bt. ®, Derisome®, Ozomite®, 3 microbial pesticides, Bioprahar®, Conserve® , Delfine®) and 1 Insect Growth Regulator (Cigna®). The freshly harvested Infective Juveniles (IJs) were exposed to the desired...
Topics: Co mpatibility, Infective Juveniles, Steinernema, Biological control, biopesticides, forest insect...
The study was conducted to compare soil nutrients status between agricultural land and top soil removal land from surrounding area of brick field due to brick manufacturing at Nagarpur region, Tangail, Bangladesh, during the period of July to December 2018. Total 30 samples were collected from three different brickfields area namely S1, S2, S3. Among them 10 samples were collected from each site whereas 5 samples from productive agricultural land and 5 samples from removal land at a depth 0-15...
Topics: brickfield, soil nutrients, top soil, agricultural land
Crude oil contamination of agricultural soil is frequent in the Niger- Delta Region of Nigeria and can devastate the soil thereby, negatively affecting the socio-economic lives of the people. This study aimed to characterize twelve bacterial isolates with potential for crude oil degradation using conventional and molecular tools. Isolates with potential for crude oil degradation were selected from among the crude oil degrading bacteria obtained from petroleum contaminated agricultural soils and...
Topics: Bioremediation, Cow dung, Crude oil degrading bacteria, Polluted soils, 16S rRNA gene.
The change of lifestyles and the increase of environmental / ecological problems from day by day are the important issues on a global scale. Developing the ecological awareness of the individuals who are commonwealth is an important step in solving these problems. For this reason, today, almost every stage of education of the new generation (from kindergarten to university) is given importance to ecological knowledge and it is tried to transfer this knowledge to life styles. The aim of this...
Topics: sustainability, environment, ecological awareness, faculty of agriculture, faculty of education,...
Swollen shoot is a viral disease of cocoa that is developing in the region of Soubré and is causing very serious damage. However, little is known about the epidemiological factors responsible for this disease, which makes it difficult to control the swollen shoot virus. The main objective of this study was to determine the influence of plot maintenance level and the leaf cover of tree on the prevalence of Swollen shoot disease at the site of Petit-Bondoukou. The observation system consists of...
Topics: Cocoa tree, Côte d'Ivoire, CSSV, leaf cover, maintenance level, Soubré
The aim of this study is to explore labneh anbaris production and physicochemical properties in Lebanon. Traditionally, it was done to preserve leftover milk by addition of salt and following natural-fermentation in an earthenware-vessel to produce a cheese like dairy product. In Lebanon there is 86 active dairy industries, of which only 7 produce Anbaris; annotated as industrial anbaris (IA) in this study. Eighty one household anbaris samples were collected from 16 locations distributed among...
Topics: Labneh, Anbaris, fermented cheese like product, traditional dairy products.
The study focused on the structure of the weed of Solanaceae crops (eggplant, chilli and tomato) in Côte d'Ivoire, specifically in Divo, Sinfra and Djebonoua. Its objective is to characterize the weed using botanical and biological parameters. Thus, itinerant surveys were carried out during the 2013 cropping season in Solanaceae crops. This work permits to identify 40 weed species belonging to 32 genera distributed in 20 families. The dominant families are: Euphorbiaceae, Cyperaceae, Poaceae,...
Topics: Structure, weed, Solanaceae crops, Côte d’Ivoire.
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of season and sex on New Zealand White rabbits’ fur under Egyptian semi-arid conditions. A total of 40 rabbits (20 males and 20 females) aged 3.5 to 4 months were used during two subsequent seasons; summer and winter (20 rabbits in each season). Skin samples were taken pre-slaughtering to determine the histological and histochemical parameters and skin layer thicknesses. After slaughtering and chrome tanning of skinned furs, the mechanical and chemical...
Topics: chrome tanning, collagen fiber, histochemistry, histology, mechanical properties.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Foals are susceptible to many infectious diseases and they should be treated and protected differently compared to adult horses. Objectives of this study were to investigate vaccination and deworming practices of foal owners in Finland. The questionnaire study was executed. Foal owners (n = 236) gave a response and 217 of them told that they vaccinate their foals against equine influenza and tetanus (combination vaccine) (88 %) and herpes (12 %), but not against rabies (1,8 %). About 8 % did...
Topics: equine influenza, deworming, foal, survey, vaccination.
The aim of this study is to assess the juice production potential of a highly perishable fruit, namely loquat and the effect of basic thermal and chemical treatment on the sensory attributes and phenolic content. The scarcity of loquat-based products on the market limits its consumption to raw loquat fruit. It is highly perishable and thus quickly loses its postharvest commercial quality. Loquat transformation into juice would increase the pellet of loquat-based products. Loquat fruit to loquat...
Topics: Loquat, Fruit to juice conversion value, Total Soluble Solids, Phenolic content, Water activity.
This research was conducted in Barru District, South Sulawesi. The purpose of this study is to analyze how much the total economic value of coastal land ecosystems in Barru District. Analyzing the value of economic benefits and the multiplier effects of coastal ecosystem reclamation activities in Barru District. Analysis of the data used is to use economic valuation analysis by calculating the value of direct benefits, indirect benefits, the value of option benefits, the value of the benefits...
Topics: Mangrove Ecosystem, Value of Economic Benefits, Reclamation, Coastal area of Barru District.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Karamunting plant is one of the biodiversity that must be developed because it has potential as phytopharmaca. The lack of public attention to the preservation and conservation of karamunting plants causes the scarcity of these plants, so it is necessary to do conservation in the form of propagation in vitro. One of the first steps that can be done is to get a callus induction protocol of karamunting plants. This study aim is to obtain a callus induction protocol for karamunting plants using...
Topics: callus, conservation, induction, karamunting, phytopharmaca.
Despite of the advancement in technology and excessive use of chemical fertilizers for agricultural production, about 870 million people around the globe are hunger stricken due to various resource scarcities. There is a need to boost the agricultural productivity in order to feed the population which is growing in sky rocketing way. Food insecurity is a burning problem affecting nutrition, health and the betterment of population across the globe. Basically, food security depends on four...
Topics: Food Security, Gender inequality, Productivity, Sustainability.
Increasing public awareness of living a healthy life, causing red beetroot demand in Indonesia has increased. However, with increasingly limited area of the plateau to the development of the plant, causing its development are directed to dry land are still many obstacles, such as limited availability of water for the plant level, and the high air temperature. Therefore, research that aims to obtain information about the right water needs and tolerant varieties on dry land needs to be done. A...
Topics: Water requirements, Dry land, Red beet root varieties, Stomata density, Chlorophyll content.
Climate Change is a complex challenge that the world is facing. Pakistan would be the most affected by climate-related disasters because of a lack of proper institutional, financial, and technological mechanisms to control the risks of climate change (Yamin, et al.,2005). Past natural disasters show that the local governments with insufficient financial resources, planning, institutional, technical adaptation capabilities remain unable to overcome natural disasters. Pakistan is an agricultural...
Topics: Climate Change Adaptation, Disaster Reduction, Human Health, Natural Resources Improvement Polices.
Twenty four adult non-pregnant; non-lactating Barki ewes, aged 3 to 4 years with initial body weight of (35.75 ± 1.15) (kg) were randomly divided to two groups (n=12). Ambient temperature (AT) and relative humidity (RH) were recorded along the trail and temperature humidity index (THI) was estimated. The first group was kept as a control unshorn group while the second group was shorn to inspect the effects of shearing on body weight, physiological responses and thermal homeostasis of shorn...
Topics: Barki, Ewes, Homeostasis, Shearing, Stress
Rapid industrialization throughout the world during last few decades causing high chromium resulted widespread of agricultural soil contamination. The increased chromium contents beyond permissible level in some agricultural land areas increasing widespread concern about food safety.This study was carried out for evaluation of metal toxicity damage and its possible mitigation and improved photosynthetic efficiency by melatonin treatment in canola plants exposed to four melatonin levels...
Topics: OJIP, Chlorophyll fluorescence, Melatonin, chromium stress, Canola.
Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is a plant prefetch queue of five seasonal vegetables that are much in demand in Indonesia. Potato needs tend to increase every year in line with population growth and development of the food processing industry are made from raw potatoes. In general, potato production in Indonesia is still relatively low and still do to meet their import requirements. But the government has always sought to boost the national potato production. One of the efforts to improve potato...
Topics: potatoes, rhizobacteria, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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In our research, we studied the bacteriological quality of citrus fruits. Thus, the bacterial microflora associated with citrus fruit is quite varied and diverse. It is usually a saprophyte flora easily be destroyed by moist heat. This plant belongs to the family Enterobacteriaceae, Vibrionaceae, Pseudomonadaceae, Micrococcaceae and Bacilaceae. This contamination is often untreated manure, organic fertilizer from a bad composting, irrigation water not clean. The hands of workers who come into...
Topics: citrus fruits, contamination, microbiological quality, bacterial microflora
This study investigated the performance and cost implication of raising broiler chickens under different housing systems. Three (3) different rearing systems namely; deep litter, colony cage and fold unit housing systems were used for this study. A total number of one hundred and thirty (130), four (4) weeks old Abor-acre strain of broiler chickens were procured out of which, one hundred and twenty (120) were randomly distributed into three (3) treatments of four (4) replicates, ten (10)...
Topics: Production, cost, broiler chickens, housing systems, blood, bacteria.
The impact of the combination of plant (Tithonia diversifolia) (Td) plus cow dung (Cd) as biofertilizer and aqueous extract of Callistemon citrinus (CAL) leaves as biofungicide on physicochemical properties, and the microbial biomass in carbon (MBC) and nitrogen (MBN) of soil and on tomato yield were assessed under field condition. The experimental design was a complete block design with 2 factors (soil amendment and plant sprays) and 3 repetitions. The soil treatment included organic amendment...
Topics: microbial biomass, organic inputs, soil physicochemical properties, tomato.
The present work aimed at evaluating adequacy of adding different non-enzymatic additives; i.e. vitamins E and C, in to semen diluent on physical and morphological characteristics as well as oxidative status of ram semen stored at 4oC. Ejaculates (n=80) were collected from Five sexually mature Barki rams during the period from January to April. After initial evaluation, each adequate raw ejaculate was diluted (1:10) with Tris-citrate egg yolk extender. Each diluted ejaculate was further split...
Topics: Ram semen, sperm diluent, ascorbic acid, alpha tocopherol
Entrepreneurship on a small scale is the only solution to the problems of unemployment and proper utilization of both human and non-human resources and improving the leaving conditions of the poor masses. Therefore, Utilization of entrepreneurial information among rural women farmers in Akinyele Local Government Area Oyo State was investigated. 200 respondents with the aid of well structured questionnaire were selected through Multi-stage sampling technique. Data were analyzed using frequency...
Topics: Utilization, Rural, Women farmers, Entrepreneurial information
Cosmetics still retain their attractive use and brilliant effects, however public concern about their toxicity has become a topic of debate. Trace amounts of toxic heavy metals can be either intentionally added to cosmetics or present as impurities in the raw materials. The present study reports the content of five heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn) in six brands of lipstick products sold at various markets in Makurdi metropolis of Benue State, Nigeria using atomic absorption spectroscopy...
Topics: Lipstick products, Heavy Metals, AAS.
The potential of potato skin (PS) to enhance bioremediation of soil polluted with used motor oil was investigated gravimetrically for a period of 42 days. Polluted soil was amended with 5%, 10% and 15% (w/w) of PS. Loss of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH), microbial growth and germination indices were all investigated throughout the study period. At the end of 42 days, there was significant oil loss of 73.85% in the amended soil. Hydrocarbon-utilizing bacterial (HUB) counts were significantly...
Topics: Bacteria, fungi, potato skin, bioremediation, used motor oil.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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  In this work it is proposed an analysis of the conservation status of Italian autochthonous domestic pigeon breeds. As like as other domestic species, the domestic pigeon is undergoing a rapid decline. In Italy the pigeon breeding is an ancient practice anterior to the Roman period. Actually we have 11 autochthonous breeds, here described in their mainly characteristics, and for everyone is proposed the population size and the perspective of conservation for the future. An important and...
Topics: pigeon breeds, conservation status, domestic pigeon, Italy, population size.
Spiders belonging to Order Araneae are the largest order in the Class Arachnida and aid in natural pest control. This study focuses on the diversity of spiders in Lalbagh Botanical Garden and Tavarekere Park in Bangalore, Karnataka. The survey was conducted at the respective locations from June to December 2019 which is a period of seven months by using methods like point observation and random sampling using trails. During the study, a total of 21 species belonging to 16 genera and 10 families...
Topics: Diversity, Lalbagh Botanical Garden, Richness, Spider fauna, Tavarekere Park
Background: Several pesticides are currently available on the US market and used on different crops that enter into the human food chain or are used in consumer products, such as food and cigarettes. Some of these pesticides are classified as toxic or carcinogenic to humans. Additionally, little is known about the combined effects of concurrent exposure events. Hence, it is of paramount importance to develop ways to estimate the cumulative, i.e. multi-chemical, exposure to these substances....
Topics: pesticide residues, cumulative exposure, CARES NG®, PDP, probabilistic modelling, chlorpyrifos
The market gardening areas of Kodeni and Dogona are among the main market gardening sites in the city of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso). On these vegetable perimeters, the forms of water mobilization for irrigation are essentially wells for the Kodeni site and wastewater from sewers for Dogona. In order to assess the physico-chemical quality and the level of cadmium and lead contamination in these waters, samples were taken at different points on each site and outside the site. The method used...
Topics: Bobo-Dioulasso, Kodeni and Dogona market gardening sites, irrigation water, physicochemical...
Sri Lanka is a rich treasurable land of traditional rice cultivation and rice is the primary staple food in Sri Lanka. There are many unpopular rice varieties which have been derived from traditional rice varieties and their nutritional values are under investigation. One such novelSri Lankan red pericarp rice variety known as Gurupiya is focused on this study. Agronomic characters of novel rice variety was evaluated according to IRRI 1998. Standard methods of AOAC nutritional guidelines were...
Topics: Traditional rice, proximate, fatty acid, oil, minerals
This study investigated the Utilization of Instructional Materials in Teaching Chemistry in Senior Secondary Schools in Katsina metropolis. The study was conducted with three research objectives, three research questions and three null hypotheses. The study adopted survey research design and used questionnaire and checklist as instrument for data collection. The sample for the study was arrived at using random sampling technique, hence the total of twenty four (24) chemistry teachers and three...
Topics: China insurance industry, Foreign fund, Challenge.
Sugarcane straw (SS) was used in an economic biosystem to evaluate the production of xylanases and cellulases in submerged fermentation (SmF) by axenic and mixed mode from Trichoderma and Aspergillus species. T. reesei QM9414 axenic culture reached the highest xylanase production (90.2 U/mL) and 0.5 FPU/mL of cellulase activity. The evaluation of agro-industrial residues on fibrolytic enzymes production was performed by a D-optimal design, and revealed the best supplementation of 100% SS, while...
Topics: sugarcane straw, xylanase, cellulase, axenic and mixed cultures, fibrolytic enzymes.
 The physiochemical properties of sediment and water samples from four surface waters in Anambra State were investigated and their seasonal variations compared. These Physicochemical properties include; temperature, pH , conductivity, colour, total suspended solids, total solids or residues ,total dissolved solids, alkalinity, carbondioxide, total hardness, chloride, Nitrate and Sulphate. Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy was used to determine the mineral elements of the sediment and water. A...
Topics: Physicochemical, Seasonal variation, Sediment, Surface-water, Water.
This study includes isolation of oil producing algae (Anabaena, Nostoc. Spirulina, Diatom, Volvox, Spirogyra) and subjecting the mixture of algae to the sun dried pulp extract of Tamarindusindica to observe inhibitory effect of secondary metabolites on algal growth. The comparative analysis of inhibiting efficiency was done between the extracts of Tamarindusindica and Azadirachtaindica which proved that the secondary metabolites of Azadirachtaindica are more efficient than the secondary...
Topics: Algal inhibition, Tamarindusindica, Azadirachtaindica.
The effects of proline on the seed germination, seedling growth (radicle lenght, radicle number and fresh weight), mitotic index, micronucleus frequency and chromosome aberrations of Allium cepa L. germinated under saline conditions were examined in this study. Salt stress markedly inhibited the seed germination and seedling growth of A. cepa L. Moreover, it reduced the mitotic index in the root-meristem cells of the seeds and fairly increased the number of chromosome aberrations and...
Topics: Cytogenetical parameters, onion, proline, physiological parameters, salt stress.
In recent years, rice crop intensification, which has put a lot of pressure and led to a great change in soil resources and its distribution. In Haugiang province of Vietnam, under different land uses, the previous soil map (2008) has changed and out of date. The research aims to update the soil map of the province under different land uses. The collection of 175 soil profile description data, and 51 soil analysis profiles. Soil classification was followed WRB 2006. The results showed that two...
Topics: Soil classification, WRB Acid sulfate Soils, Land uses.
 It is believable that supplemental essential fatty acids can change the fatty Acid (FA) composition in the milk. Feeding flaxseed to dairy animals improves milk production and milk quality, resulting in healthier milk for consumer. So, the objective of our study was to evaluate the effect of inclusion of ascending levels of flaxseed in Damascus goat's ration on performance and milk composition. Twenty-four of lactating Damascus goats (39.60 ±0.50 kg weight and 2-3 years old) were divided...
Topics: Flaxseed, Damascus goat, digestibility, feed intake, milk production.
Rice is the main food crop of the Indonesian population, mostly planted in paddy fields. The speed of population growth is not balanced with a decrease in rice production that occurs due to a decrease in harvested area. This research aims to determine the interaction between distance planting in the jarwo planting system on the growth and yields of lowland rice (oryza sativa). This research was conducted in December 2018 until March 2019 in Andalas Makmur, Parak Karakah, Kuranji District,...
Topics: Rice, Spacing, Jajarlegowo.
In this study, L-arginine (Arg) effects on the seedling growth (fresh weight, radicle length and radicle number), seed germination, mitotic activity, chromosomal aberrations and micronucleus frequency in Allium cepa L. germinated in both salt stress and normal conditions were investigated. In only Arg medium, the radicle number of the seeds was partially reduced compared to the control seeds germinated in the distilled water medium, the fresh weight, radicle length and germination percentage...
Topics: Allium cepa L., arginine, salt stress, seed germination, mitotic index.
Bioremediation employing the action of microbes alone has been shown to be inadequate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of sewage sludge (SS) in enhancing bioremediation of diesel oil-polluted soil. Diesel oil was introduced into the soil at the concentration of 10 % (v/w) and mixed with 5%, 10% and 15% (w/w) of sewage sludge. The remediation of the oil was determined gravimetrically using n-hexane as extractant. Effectiveness of the remediation strategy was assessed by the...
Topics: Bacteria, sewage sludge, germination, diesel oil, pollution.
 Upland rice production in Central Uganda is mainly done by small scale farmers for both food security and income generation. However, they are faced with a number of challenges including drudgery, birds that eat the crop, erratic weather and limited land holdings. Due to the inadequate land available to them, upland rice has to compete with other food crops for land for cultivation. Thus, apart from the conventional mono-crop, alternative cropping systems that enable them to grow rice while...
Topics: Rice, Beans, Groundnut, Maize, Intercrop.
Weeds are one of several factors that cause decreased shallot production. Weed control is needed to increase production. The experiments to study the effect of weed control on the growth and yield of shallot had been conducted from June 2019 to September 2019 at Kepuharjo Village in Karangploso Sub- District, Malang Regency. The experiment used a randomized block design (RBD) with 6 treatments and 4 replications. The results showed that for treatment of weed-free, weeding at 15, 30 and 45 DAP...
Topics: Shallot, Weed and Weed Control.
To understand, the parameters in wheat which can be used as criteria for drought tolerance, the present investigation was carried out on eight genotypes to an optimum dose of Polyethylene glycol (PEG6000) for water stress tolerance at germination and seedling stage. The experiment was conducted in the Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics with three replications under completely Randomized Design,7 different concentration of Polyethylene glycol that were 0, 6%, 8%, 10%,12%, 14% 16% and 18%...
Topics: Water stress, Polyethylene glycol, Iranian wheat landraces, screening, and seedling growth.
The research aims to see the variability value, heritability and genetic progress of the F2 maize population which is the result of crossing BSM0729S3-A with BAP27799-1. The final goal of this research series is to assemble high yielding composite maize. The study was conducted from April to July 2019 on the community fields, Nagari Sitiung, Sitiung District, Dharmasraya District, West Sumatra. The material used was maize seed population F2 (the result of crossing BSM0729S3-A with BAP27799-1)...
Topics: variability, heritability, genetic progress, maize population F2
This study was on Economic of Cashew nut processing in Benue State, Nigeria. Simple random sampling technique was used to select one-hundred and twenty-five Respondents. Primary data were used, and collected using a structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics such as frequency counts, percentages and mean scores were used; Gross margin analysis was used to analyze cost and returns while linear regression was used to analyse factors influencing cashew processing in the study area. Findings...
Topics: Analysis, Cashew, Economic and Processing.
East OKU Regency, South Sumatra Province, Indonesia, is a region that has great potential in the agriculture and plantation sectors. Utilization of swamps and tidal swamps is used as an alternative to increasing agricultural yields despite extreme changes in river water flow downstream during the dry season. This study aims to analyze the magnitude of the potential discharge mainstay, and the influence of the magnitude of the flow of the Komering river flow to the availability of water and the...
Topics: Agricultural, discharge, irrigation, swamp, water level.
A ten-weeks feeding trial was conducted to determine the effect of replacing groundnut cake (GNC) with cooked Bambara nut meal (CBNM) on the Heamatology and serum biochemistry of Growing Rabbits. Thirty mixed breed (New Zealand White X Dutch) of rabbits six to seven weeks of age with initial body weight of 604.50 g were caged individually and allotted to 5 dietary treatments. Each treatment had six (6) replications. The diets and clean drinking water were given ad libitum throughout the period...
Topics: Heamatological, Biochemical, Growing Rabbits and Cooked Bambara Nut Meal.
The global burden of non-communicable diseases has been rising over the last century, with the leading cause of neurological, metabolic and degenerative disorders. The several studies have reported that the incorporation of prebiotics in human diet is favourable to eliminate the pathological ailments. Since prebiotics occur naturally in plants including leeks, asparagus, onion, wheat, garlic, chicory, oats, soybean and Jerusalem artichoke. Jerusalem artichoke is a perennial tuber contains...
Topics: Jerusalem artichoke, Prebiotics, Inulin, Fructo-oligosaccharides, Pharmacological properties.
The objectives of this study were to assess agricultural credit acquisition among small scale poultry farmers in Katsina-Ala and Konshisha Local government areas in Benue State, Nigeria. The study adopted the survey research design, using the cross-sectional approach because it involves assessment of agricultural credit acquisition among small scale poultry farmers in the study area. Structured questionnaire was administered to eighty –eight (88) randomly selected respondents in the study...
Topics: Credit, Acquisition, Poultry, Farmers.
Warehouse pest insects can reduce the quality and quantity of corn stored in warehouses. This study aims to examine the diversity and abundance of warehouse pest insects that infest corn in the Sumbawa Regency warehouse. The study was conducted from May to September, located in Sumbawa Regency, covering the East, Central and West regions. The identification of pest insects was carried out at the Biotechnology Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture and Biology Laboratory, Faculty of Mathematics and...
Topics: Pest Insect, Corn Storehouse, Sumbawa Regency.
Coffee is one of the plantation crops that has been developed and has become a commodity that is taken into account in strengthening the country's foreign exchange. The purpose of this study is to identify the similarity of robusta coffee plants at three heights in Merangin Regency, Jambi Province. The study began in October-November 2019 in Merangin District, Jambi Province using the survey method. The value of the coefficient of similarity is at 33 % which indicates that the degree of...
Topics: Phenotype, commodity, diversity, similarity, morphology.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Apiculture is the practice and management of the bees in the hive with the sole aim of producing honey and other products including bee wax, propolis, bee-venom and royal jelly. Apiculture forms a line of productions that makes up agribusiness, but with challenges along the production chain. Little or no work has been done on the activities of beekeepers and the economic benefits of beekeeping in the study area. Therefore, the study aimed to assess the apicultural practices of beekeepers in...
Topics: Apiculture, Baiting, Smoker, Bee-wax, Hive, Ibadan.
This research aims to looking for 2 candidates from the new probioticlactic acid bacteria fermented food origin. This study uses seven isolates were isolated from whey, cassava, and fish budu. 7 isolates have been tested potential as a producer of glutamic acid but not known as a candidate probiotic petensinya. This study uses a completely randomized design, each repeated 3 times with 5 stages of the research are: 1) Testing capability isolates at low pH (pH 2.5); 2) testing the ability of...
Topics: Lactic Acid Bacteria, Pathogenic Bacteria, Bile Salts, pH 2.5, Probiotics.
Tuberculosis remains a global concern in many countries because it is a contagious disease and become the second largest killer after HIV / AIDS. In suppressing the number of deaths from TB disease are increasing from year to year we conducted this test target antigen of Mycobacterium tuberculosis that is immunogenic by using molecular biology techniques. This study aims to the purification of recombinant proteins MTSP11 and MPT63 measuring the concentration of purified protein as a candidate...
Topics: Mycobacterium tuberculosis, MTSP11, MPT63, SDS-PAGE.
The study was conducted to analyze the effect of credit on crop output of rice farmers in Benue state, Nigeria. Random and stratified sampling method was used to select 236 respondents in the study area. Out of the selected respondents only 208 responded and submitted the administered well-structured questionnaires correctly. Therefore, the study was based on 208 primary data collected from registered Savings and Credit Cooperative (SACCO) members in the three Local Government Areas of Benue...
Topics: Analysis, effect of credit, crop output, rice farmers, poverty status, Benue State.
Application of vermicompost in crop production results in improved soil chemical properties. Studies relating to use of vermicompost as alternative to synthetic fertilizers have gotten considerable attention as the demand for organically produced agricultural products increases. Goat manure has been reported to be rich in nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium. However, preparation and utilization of goat manure-based vermicompost in organic garlic production in the study area is scanty. Thus,...
Topics: Goat manure, organic production of garlic, vermicompost.
The study was conducted in Zamfara State, Nigeria to assess the role of local Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in community development. A questionnaire was administered to 200 randomly selected beneficiaries of NGOs activities. Another questionnaire was administered to 58 purposively sampled officials of local NGOs for the study. Descriptive such as (frequencies and percentages) and inferential statistics like t-test and correlation were used to analyze the data collected from the field....
Topics: Role, Local Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), Community development.
The study was conducted to assess the effect of Participation in Community and Social Development on rural Livelihood enhancement in North West, Nigeria. Multistage sampling techniques were used to select CSDP beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries for the study. Data were collected from a total of 360 respondents using structured questionnaire. Data obtained was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The result showed that the age of the majority of respondents fell between 29-38...
Topics: Social Development Project, Rural Livelihood, farming.
A central composite rotatable design (CCRD) coupled to response surface methodology (RSM) was used to investigate the effect of autoclaving conditions on the antinutritional factors, functional properties, digestibility and hardness of hard-do-cook common beans. Results indicated that autoclaving conditions did not change the functional properties (water solubility, water absorption index and oil absorption capacity) of the autoclaved hard-to-cook beans. Nevertheless, the autoclaving process...
Topics: autoclaving, functional properties, hardness, digestibility, response surface methodology.
 The 2014 IPCC report reiterated the importance of local farmers’ perceptions about climate change. A growing number of scientists supports that farmers’ in-depth understanding of climate change hazards and their active participation in mitigation actions are key to improving adaptation. This paper attempts to analyze smallholder rice farmers’ perceptions and knowledge about climate change hazards in the Upper East Region of Ghana mainly by looking at the national climatic data and the...
Topics: Climate change, farmer’s perceptions, food security, rainfall and temperature patterns.
Folkscanomy: General Academic Papers
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Accurate estimation of sediments is important in river structures. The amount of suspended sediments is mostly determined by measurements from observation stations, sediment key curve, artificial intelligence modeling methods. In this study, the estimation of the sediments content was performed by using hydro-meteorological parameters such as river flow, air temperature and precipitation measured between 2011-2017 at Omaha Station in Nebraska. For the estimation of sediments amount, Support...
Topics: Sediment, Prediction, Support vector machine, Generalized regression neural network.